Friday, May 1, 2015

Near Space Balloon Launch NSC01 by Team Near Space Circus

My High Point University physics colleague, Martin DeWitt, and two first year students in DeWitt's PHY 2020 course, Graham Rich and Max Maurer, developed code to collect pressure and temperature data on a high-altitude balloon launched by a community of Python programmers in the Triad area.

The near-space balloon was a project organized by members of the Python Piedmont Triad Users Group (PYPTUG). The group of contributors, affectionally called "Team Near Space Circus," was led by Francois Dion with support from Inmar, Dion Research, and High Point University Department of Physics. A presentation by Franciois Dion is available. The people at the launch site in the photo below are: C. Shepard, J. Clouse, F. Dion, B. Wright, A. Titus, M. DeWitt, and G. Rich.

The approximately 7-ft diameter balloon was launched April 21st 2015 at 7:55am from RayLen Vineyards in Mocksville, NC. The balloon burst at an altitude of approximately 80,000 ft at 9:06 AM with a diameter of approximately 26 ft. The balloon landed in Hurdle Mills, NC -- about an hour drive from High Point University -- at 9:39 am for a total flight time of one and a half hours.


The payload included 7 Raspberry Pi computers running as a cluster, 7 CSI cameras, 1 USB camera, 2 GPS systems, sensors, 1 APRS transmitter doing 10W bursts every 2 minutes. At peak altitude, sensors measured a pressure of approximately 2800 Pa and a temperature of approximately -47.5 C.

Part 1 of the payload description written by Francois Dion gives information about the cluster of Pis and cameras. Part 2 describes the network, the master/slave component, and the deadman's switch (actually more like a life-giving switch because it powered on the system at launch). When it is posted, part 3 will talk describe the sensors and data collection.

Before launching, DeWitt used a Vernier LabQuest Mini and Force Sensor to measure the buoyant force on the balloon. The buoyant force was more than 40 N.

Presumably due to interference, our on-board GPS systems did not measure and transmit until after the primary set of batteries failed. After that, the GPS SPOT transmitted the location of the balloon.

Altitude was calculated from the pressure data. Here is a graph of altitude vs. time.

Pressure vs. time.

Rate of ascent and descent vs. altitude.

Rate of ascent and descent vs. time.

The peak altitude was approximately 80,000 ft. The payload landed at about 25 ft/s. The temperature at peak was approximately -47.5 C.

And of course, some photos from near space. 

Barrel distortion is quite small in these photos. See the technical descriptions of the cameras in Part 1 of Francois' blog post.

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